I have tried to provide references whenever possible, and it is not my intent to plagiarize. If you are the author of any material found within this website, please feel free to email me so I can credit you. If you have found an error, please email me with facts, and I will rectify the problem.

Most of the material on this website, is derived from the following:

“Bats - A Natural History” by John Hill and James Smith, published by University of Texas Press, Austin in 1992. This publication is considered a textbook of information, and a great deal of the following is either paraphrased or directly quoted from this book. ISBN #0-292-73070-5

“Walker’s Bats of the World” by Ronald M. Nowak, published by The Johns Hopkins University Press in 1994 has been an excellent reference with respect to names, species accounts and so on. ISBN #0-8018-4986-1

3. A University of Calgary “Bats” course for post-graduate students that I audited during the winter semester of 1996 and 1997, conducted by Dr. Robert Barclay.

4. Notes made at the World Bat Symposium held in Boston, MA during the summer of 1995; and the North American Symposium on Bat Research held in October of 1996 at Bloomington, Illinois; the North American Symposium on Bat Research held in October of 1997 at Tucson, AZ; the North American Symposium on Bat Research held in September of 2000 at Miami, FL

5. Notes and experiences from the Bat Conservation and Management Workshop held in Portal, AZ in 1994, conducted by Bat Conservation International.

"The Bat - Wings in the Night Sky" by M. Brock Fenton, published by Key Porter Books Limited, Toronto, Ontario 1998. ISBN #1-55013-956-8

"Rabies in Bats" by Danny A. Brass, published by Livia Press, Ridgefield, Connecticut in 1994. ISBN #0-9637045-1-6

"Just Bats" by M. Brock Fenton, published by University of Toronto Press, in 1991. ISBN #0-8020-2452-1

"America's Neighborhood Bats" by Merlin D. Tuttle published by University of Texas Press, in 1993. ISBN #0-292-70403-8

"Bats of British Columbia" by David W. Nagorsen and R. Mark Brigham, published by UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C. in 1993. ISBN #0-7748-0482-3

"Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats" by Thomas H. Kunz, published by Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C. in 1988. ISBN #0-87474-596-9

"Handbook of Canadian Mammals - #2 Bats" by C.G. van Zyll de Jong, published by National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, in 1985. ISBN #0-660-10756-2

13. Other reference material including numerous readings, discussions and observations between myself and numerous bat biologists, as well as attendance at other various bat related conferences. And of course - self study!

14. A very big Thank you to Dr. Merlin D. Tuttle, founding Director of
Bat Conservation International who graciously provided most of the pictures of bats found on this web site!

"The one thing that I have discovered as I continue to study these wonderful animals, is that we are in a consistent state of change as Chiroptera are slowly being “discovered” through scientific study. While I have done my best to present what I believe to be the facts, studies will often prove, or disprove, what you are about to learn! My intent is to update you with as much information as I can, and encourage you to continue to study and learn about the wonderful world of Bats!"

- Bob Young