(This section about Taxonomy has been developed primarily from the books "Bats - A Natural History" and from "Walker's Bats of the World")

TAXONOMY
There are approximately 978 species in the Order Chiroptera. They can be found worldwide, except in extreme polar regions. Chiroptera are the second largest order of mammals, outnumbered only by rodents!

Order Chiroptera

Suborder Megachiroptera
Family
Pteropodidae (Old world fruit bats or 'flying foxes' - 166 species)

Suborder Michrochiroptera
Infraorder Yinochiroptera
Superfamily Emballonuroidea
Family
Emballonuridae (sac-winged or sheath-tailed bats - 48 species)
Family
Craseonycteridae (bumble bee bat - 1 species)
Family
Rhinopomatidae (mouse-tailed or long-tailed bats - 3 species)
Superfamily Rhinolophoidea
Family
Nycteridae (split-faced or hollow-faced bats - 13 species)
Family
Megadermatidae (false vampire and yellow-winged bats - 5 species)
Family
Rhinolophidae (horseshoe bats - 69 species)
Family
Hipposideridae (old-world leaf-nosed bats - 63 species)

Infraorder Yangochiroptera
Superfamily Phyllostomoidea
Family
Desmodontinae (vampire bats)
Family
Mormoopidae (naked-backed, ghost-faced or moustached bats - 8 species)
Family
Noctilionidae (fishing & bulldog bats - 2 species)
Family
Phyllostomatidae (new world leaf-nosed & spear-nosed bats - 148 species)
Superfamily Vespertilionidea
Family
Thyropteridae (disk-winged or New world sucker-footed bats - 2 species)
Family
Myzopdidae (Old World sucker-footed bat - 1 species)
Family
Furipteridae (thumbless or smoky bats - 2 species)
Family
Natalidae (funnel-eared & long-legged bats - 5 species)
Family
Mystacinidae (New Zealand short-tailed bat - 1 species)
Family
Molossidae (free-tailed and mastiff bats - 86 species)
Family
Vespertilionidae (vespertilionid, evening or plain-faced bats - 355 species)

Approximate composition of bats by food type by percentage:
70% are Insectivores
23% are Frugivorous
5% are Nectarivorous
0.7% are Carnivorous
0.3% are Sanguinivorous



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